Lemon is the largest category of cultivation. Under which mainly mandarin orange, papery lemon farming, malta and grapefruit etc. In India, lemon is cultivated on about 9% of the total area of the fruit. And they contribute to about 9% of the total fruit production of the country. Lemons are often eaten as fresh fruits after meals, and marmalade is made from malta and sour orange.
Along with this, Squeeze is made from the juice of Orange, Mosambi, Lemon and Grapefruit. Vitamin C is found in sufficient quantity in Lemon category fruits and this class of fruits is rich in nutrients. Lemon cultivation in Madhya Pradesh Mandsaur, Shajapur, Betul, Ujjain, Chhindwara, Khandwa and Hoshangabad.
Climate for Lemon farming
Lemon is a plant of subtropical climate. And it can be grown successfully in frost-free areas, its plants do not require extreme cold, but due to the effect of winter, the halt of plant growth is beneficial for flowering.
If there is less air in the environment, then the color of the fruits is good, due to high humidity, the fruits of Malta become more juicy during the season. In the picture, the peel of ripe fruits does not have yellow color and 1000 mm. Average rainfall is very suitable for lemon cultivation.
Land selection for lemon farming
Deep friable fertile loamy soil is good for lemon cultivation for proper development of fruit plants. Soil with a succulent lands in which calcium carbonate surface is found is not suitable for its cultivation. Soil having pH value of 5.5 to 7.5 is suitable for these plants. The citrus fruits are sensitive to load and cannot tolerate salinity. find.
lemon plant propagation
Their business can be done through plant broadcasting, shearing, bud gooty and nucellar seedling and irrigation is required at an interval of 15 to 20 days. In this way the plants prepared by vegetative method are ready for planting after keeping them in the nursery for about 1 year.
Major improved varieties of lemon farming
- paper lemon
- Sai Sharbati Lemon
- Puffed Sharbati Lemon
- Rasraj Lemon
- Seedless Lemon
- Vikram Lemon
- Premlani Lemon
lemon tree planting
For planting lemon farming garden, 1 month before planting in the field 75×75×7 cm. m. In a pit of size 40 kg of decomposed cow dung with one kg of single super phosphate is mixed well in the soil. Malta and orange 6 to 8 m. Lime paper is 4.5 to 6 m and pomelo and grapefruit 6 to 7.5 m. meters away. The month from June 15 to August is suitable for planting saplings.
manures and fertilizers
In the cultivation of lemon, deficiency of micronutrients like zinc, iron, manganese, boron etc. is seen in the plants. Know that information nutrients should also be mixed with manure and fertilizers in their garden. According to the age of the plants, 10 kg of cow dung, 12 grams of nitrogen, 7 grams of single super phosphate and 40 grams of numrate of potash is given, this quantity is increased in the same proportion for every year and for 5 years, after that the fertilizer And the amount of fertilizer is stabilized, which is given in subsequent years.
On showing signs of deficiency of zinc, iron and boron, spray of 0.4 to 0.6 percent zinc, ferrous sulphate and 0.1% borax solution should be done.
Kit and control of diseases in lemon field
For the control of diseases in lemon field and for the prevention of harmful pests, we will know this information in a new post, the link of which I am giving here below, by going there you will get to know about the diseases and germs in lemon. The name of the medicine will also be found.
Irrigation Management of Lemon Farm
Do lemon, the moisture should be maintained in the plants according to the weather and climate and the nature of the soil, while the fruit is developing, the plants should be irrigated in sufficient quantity and at regular intervals. In lemon plant plants above 5 years of age, about 10000 liters of water per hectare is required per irrigation, drop drop irrigation system is best for this field.
flowering fruit or yield
In lemon cultivation, the fruits are ready to ripen after 9 months of flowering, but the fruits of lemon and paper lemon are ready to pluck after 6 months of flowering, the plants start getting fruits after 3 to 5 years. and 5 to 6 years old plants start giving fruits.
Fruit grading and packing
After collecting the fruits, the spooled fruits are separated from them, after which the grading of the fruits is done on the basis of their size and color by cleaning the fruits, in this special care is taken that the peels of the fruits are not damaged. It should not be damaged, otherwise it gets spoiled quickly.
No packing of fruits Graded fruits are packed in jute bags, baskets, wooden or cardboard boxes and plastic crates according to the easily available material and market distance as per the requirement. Straw paper clippings should be placed between the fruits while packing, so that there is no damage during the transportation of fruits.
After plucking, lemon fruits can be kept at room temperature for about 1 month, but lemon starts spoiling after 1 week. The fruits can be kept for a long time by immersing them in wax balls, but lemon can be stored in storage for 2 months at 2 to 10 °C, the humidity should be 85 to 90% compared to cold storage. Testing of fruits Citric acid, tested juices, beverages, marmalade, pectin, pickles, oils, perfumes and medicines, etc., are made from citrus fruits.
Processing and Value Addition
Lemon has many uses in our daily life and the product made from it has diverse applications. In the processing of lemon, every part of the fruit is used which gets higher price later as well as the taste of the farmers due to high demand in the market. Due to high price and selling price, more profit is obtained, different types of products can be made from lemon eg.
- citric acid
- lemon juice
- lemon oil
Pectin is used in making fruit jams and its oil is used extensively in cosmetics and pharmaceutical companies, as well as the acid obtained from it is used as a tester in the preparation of many types of food. Lemon juice is known to be used as a health drink. The market demand of which is very high.
Process of making lemon products
To make lemon fruit products, fresh clean and ripe fruits are first sorted, after that the fruits are washed in clean water and after peeling the fruits, the seeds are separated from the cut hairs, after which the juice is extracted.
Collect this juice, keep it in the precipitation tank for 4 to 6 hours, after which keep it in the train and keep it inside the dryer for 8 hours, whatever is brought in the powder made after drying and the chemical is mixed in the bottles. Packed and ready for the market, the process of making it is depicted through charts.
- lemon peeling
- sifting the juice
- powder grinding and mixing
- to pack