Dengue Fever- Today we will tell you what is dengue fever and what are the symptoms of dengue fever? What should we do to avoid dengue fever?
Dengue fever is also commonly known as fracture fever. Dengue fever is a terrible flu-like disease. It is a tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Dengue fever is spread by a mosquito called Aedes aegypti.
Its main symptoms are fever, headache, muscle and joint pain. Also read special marks/rashes on the skin, which are compared with measles. The disease causes extremely fatal hemorrhagic fever, which results in bleeding, a drop in the number of blood platelets, and a state of blood plasma loss.
Dengue virus is a type of R. N. a. It is a virus that is a member of the family-viriviridae and the genus Flavivirus. Other viruses of the same group are viruses that are driven by arthropods (mosquitoes). The genome/genetic material of dengue virus is made up of about 11000 nucleotide bases. There are three types of protein molecules and form the virus particle.
There are five strains of virus which are called serotypes. The first four of these are DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3 and DENV-4. The fifth train was announced in 2013.
Special features of Aedes aegypti Mosquito
1) Dengue mosquito is more active during the day.
2) Dengue mosquito has stripes on its body similar to that of a leopard.
3) Dengue mosquito is not able to fly high.
4) Dengue mosquitoes prefer to live in cool and shady places.
5) Dengue mosquitoes hide behind curtains or in dark places.
6) Dengue mosquitoes breed in cold water kept indoors.
7) Dengue mosquitoes fly only up to a distance of about 200 meters from their breeding area.
8) Its eggs remain alive and safe for 12 months even after the water in the storage vessel/place dries up.
Symptoms of Dengue Fever
When an infected dengue mosquito bites, the patient shows symptoms of dengue fever within or after 14 days. The main symptoms of dengue fever are as follows-
- The affected patient feels severe cold and comes with fever.
- Headache starts in the patient’s head.
- There is pain in the eyes of the patient.
- The patient suffers from body pain and joint pain.
- The victim has nausea and vomiting.
- The patient does not feel hungry.
- A red rash develops on the skin of the victim.
- In severe cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever, there is a possibility of bleeding from the eyes and nose.
Biological Prevention of Dengue Fever
For the prevention of dengue mosquitoes, fish like ‘kuppies’ are used which take the small cubs of dengue mosquitoes as food. These types of fish can be collected from ponds or streams or can be purchased from fish vendors. These fish are released in places where dengue mosquito larvae develop. Bacterial insecticides are used to kill mosquitoes.
Methods of Safety of Dengue Fever
- Do not allow water to accumulate inside and around the house. Do not keep water in any open vessel, if it is necessary to keep water, then always keep it covered.
- Do not keep the pot empty, keep the pot upside down.
- The water vessel should first be thoroughly washed with soap and water to remove the eggs already laid by the mosquito.
- Cooler mascara should be changed regularly when the cooler is in use.
- There should be a system of mesh doors in the windows and doors of the house, the mesh doors should be closed before evening.
- wear clothing that covers the whole body
- If your children go out to play in open places, apply mosquito repellency cream to the unclothed parts of their body and if possible wear full body covering clothing.
- Be sure to use anti-mosquito devices at night like electric mosquito bat, repellent cream, sprays etc.
What places do dengue mosquitoes prefer to live in?
Dengue mosquitoes prefer to live in dark and cool places.
How long do the symptoms of dengue fever last?
Symptoms last from 3 to 14 days after being infected.
What should be given to a dengue patient for food and drink?
Papaya leaf juice, curd, pomegranate, and coconut water are considered highly beneficial for dengue patients.
How can dengue spread be prevented?
Do not allow water to collect in pots and around the house. Cooler water should be changed regularly.
What does a dengue mosquito look like?
Dengue mosquito has stripes similar to that of a cheetah.