Cabbage farming is a type of vegetable that has only a closed support of tender leaves. It is also called Cabbage and Paat Gobi. It is developed from wild Karmakalla. The karmakalla, grown for the herb, differed greatly from the original form, although the flower and seed did not differ significantly.
Karmakalla requires water and a cool environment. It also needs a lot of manure, even if it gets hot for two or four days, the son of Karmakalle does not become good, instead of becoming a support, branches come out of it. In which flowers and seeds begin to form. Karmakalla cannot tolerate frost, it dies due to frost, although the weather should be cold, then only the plants of Karmakalla need to get sunlight during the day, good plants do not grow in the shade. As we told you above, a lot of manure is needed for karmakalle, but no special type of manure is required, even with fresh cow dung, this work is done, but rotten dung and chemical fertilizers are more useful for this to give more fertilizer to other plants. Flowers or fruits are ready later than this, on the contrary, Karmakalla becomes edible in less time after getting more manure. Due to a slight decrease in water, the plant starts withering and its growth stops, but due to excess water in its root, the plant starts rotting. It should not have a tendency to bind like clay.
The land which becomes hard after getting water. It is not suitable for karmakalla, the soil should be somewhat sandy, yet the soil should be hoeed again and again, but the hoeing should not be done so deeply that the herb should be cut.
There are many species of Karamkalla, some mature in about 3 months and some may take up to 6 months to prepare, only the early maturing species are suitable for the plains of India. Because here the winter does not last for a long time, there is a lot of difference in the shapes, some of the leaves are so small and the head is so flat that they seem to be sitting on the ground, only light colored karmakallas are grown in the plains of India, the leaves of some Smooth and some have fringes. America’s seed sellers sell seeds for more than 500 species.
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It is an important vegetable of the Ravi season, Cabbage is a useful leafy vegetable, the place of origin is believed to be in the Central Sea region and Cyprus, brought to India by the Portuguese, which is produced in every region of the country, it was called Cabbage. Also called Cabbage, the special sweet aroma is due to sinigrin glucoside. It is rich in nutrients, it contains abundant vitamins A and C and calcium phosphorus minerals. It is used as vegetable and salad, it is trained by drying and preparing pickle.
For good growth of cabbage, cool humid climate is required, it has a special ability to tolerate frost and high temperature. The germination of cabbage seeds is good at 27 to 30 ° C temperature, due to its usefulness of climate, it has two Crops are taken, due to the extreme cold in the mountainous areas, its spring and carpet crops are taken in the world.
It can be cultivated in different types of land but sandy loam soil is best for taking early crop whereas heavy land like clay silt and loamy land is suitable for getting late and high yield whose PH value is 5.5 to 7.5. If that land is suitable for its cultivation, for the preparation of the field on July 1, do soil-reversing plow or tractor 34. Deep plowing should be done by plowing the country lightly and leveling it.
The amount of cabbage in the middle depends on the time of its sowing, 500 gm early and for late varieties 375 gm of seed is sufficient for one hectare.
Compost for Cabbage
Cabbage requires a lot of nutrients; for its high yield, it is necessary to be quite fertile, for this 300 quintals of well-rotted manure per hectare of land and one quintal of neem leaves or neem buds Or neem’s police station should be ground, earthworm fertilizer should be applied after 14 days.
In case of chemical fertilizer, 120 nitrogen 60 kg phosphorus 60 kg potash is required, half of the prescribed quantity of nitrogen should be given in full quantity and the remaining nitrogen is to be given one month after transplanting.
manure for 1 acre
- Murate of Potas-40
Element kilogram per acre
Irrigation is required after planting cabbage crop, so it is necessary to irrigate it immediately after transplanting, after this keep irrigating at an interval of eight to 10 days, keep in mind that when the crop is ready, it will be deeper. Do not irrigate otherwise there is a risk of flower burst.
Harvest when the cauliflower flower is full and of good size. Harvesting can be done according to market demand.
After harvesting, separate the flowers according to size, if the demand and price are high, then harvesting can be done early.
In the same way, you can cultivate cabbage and for more information, tell us by commenting below or if there is any problem related to any information, then definitely tell it by commenting.
Medicine for harmful pests and diseases in cabbage?
Click below to know about the medicines for harmful pests and diseases in cabbage.
When is the right time to grow Cabbage?
The months of September to October are considered suitable for growing crops in flat areas.
What should be the depth of sowing for planting cabbage?
For cabbage, the seeds should be planted 1 to 2 cm.
How much quantity should be for 1 acre of cabbage
For sowing other two hundred grams per acre seed is required?
How to Control Weeds Before Planting Cabbage
Apply pendimanthalin @ 1 liter per acre 4 days before planting the crop and do one hoeing after