Bhartendu Harishchand Biography (Birth, Death,Education)

Today we are going to tell you in this information the life introduction of Bharatendu Harishchandra, the father of modern Hindi literature. When was he born and where was he born?

Bhartendu Harishchandra’s complete information about literary life introduction, what is birth, death, place of birth, compositions, style, language.

Bhartendu Harishchandra Literary Biography and Works

Life introduction– Bhardendu Harishchand was born in Bhadrapada Shukla 5 No. 1907 (A.D. 1850) in the Vaishya family of Kashi. His father Gopal Chandra (nicknamed Girdhardas) was a great poetic person. Bharatendu ji was a born poet. At the age of five, he composed the following couplet and narrated it to his father and received his blessings to become a poet.

Bhartendu Harishchand Jivan Parichay - My Best India

Bhartendu Harishchandra Biography

memory signal

  • Birth– 1850 AD
  • death– 1885 AD
  • Father– Gopal Chand surname Girdhari
  • Birth– Location- Kashi
  • Education– Study of Hindi, Sanskrit, English, Bengal at home
  • Language– Brajbhasha in verse, spoken in prose
  • Style– introductory, introductory, affective
  • compositions– Poetry, Drama, History, Essay etc.
  • other things– Versatile talent, composed a couplet at the age of 5, literary composition at the age of 18, established journalists and many institutions.

Bhartendu Harishchand Literary Introduction

Literary Introduction – Due to the death of his parents in his childhood, Bharatendu did not get a conducive environment for education. Under adverse circumstances, he had acquired good knowledge of Hindi, Sanskrit, English and Bengal at home. At the age of 18, he started composing his literature.

He ran two organizations named Penny Reading and Tadiya Samaj and a school called Kola. He also brought out two magazines of his Harish Chandra magazine and ‘Kavi Vachan Sudha’. Seeing your versatility, all the contemporary writers used to get directions from them, through the compositions based on social, political and national sentiments, they created a new consciousness. His original talent Impressed by this, the then journalists honored him with the title of Bharatendu Harishchandra in 1880.

Bhartendu Harishchandra ji used to spend a lot on service to the poor, service to the country and literary service. He also established many libraries and theaters and ran them after spending a lot of money, due to shedding money like water, the last time of his life was in trouble. Had to spend In the end, after suffering from tuberculosis, only at the age of 35, he became a resident of the world in 1942 (A.D. 1885).

language style,

Bhartendu Harishchandra has two forms of prose language.

Simple practical language and pure Hindi spoken language. In this, in the first type of language, common common words of Arabic, Persian and English etc. have been used. Whereas in the second type of pure language, only similar and similar words of culture have been given main place.


Bharatendu ji in his little age
His major works, written a lot, are as follows-

1. Drama,

Satya Harishchandra, Chandravali, Bharat Durdsa, Neeldevi, Andher City, Vedic Violence, Violence Not Bhavati, Visaya, Sati Pratha, Prem Yogini etc.

2.Translated Plays,

Mudrakshay, Dhananjay Vijay, Ratnavali, Karpoormanjari, Vidasundara, Mother India, Rare brothers etc.

3.History texts

History of Maharashtra Country, Delhi Durbar Darpan, Origin of Agrawals etc.

4. Essays and Narratives– Sulochana, Madalsa, Lilavati, Parihas Panchak etc.
5.poetic texts– Prem Phulwari, Prem Delirium, Vijayani Vijay, Baijanti, Bharat Veena, Satsai Madhuri, Prem Malika, Prem Tarang, Prem Sarovar etc.
6. Fiction– Hamir Hatha, Madlasopakhyan etc.
7.Editing– Poetry Sudha, Harishchandra Magazine, Harishchand Chandrika etc.

last word

Hope you know about the literary information of Bharatendu Harishchandra, who is the first author of modernity in Hindi. He has written many books and plays. Similarly, always keep visiting Mybestindia to get Hindi information. And you can also follow mebestindia on social media like Facebook and Twitter.

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